In Krakow there are two historic Jewish cemeteries. The old cemetery called Remuh Cemetery is indeed very old as it was established in 1535 in the inner Krakow Jewish neighbourhood of Kazimierz. In 1800 the Austrian authorities forced the cemetery to close but the New Jewish Cemetery was opened a couple of blocks away on a larger block of land.
The Kazimierz neighbourhood has become a tourist attraction and both cemeteries were busy when I visited. Jewish restaurants, memorials, bookshops along with souvenir stores have popped up thanks to Steven Spielberg filming “Schindler’s List” here. Tour groups come by the bus-load to look around this district. I came for the cemeteries, which are free to visit, unlike the Jewish Cemetery in Prague.
During the German occupation in the Second World War, Jewish cemeteries were desecrated and tombstones were sold to stonemasons or used for construction or as paving stones for supply roads. When renovation of the two Krakow Jewish cemeteries was undertaken in 1957, a small number of the lost tombstones were recovered and these fragments were placed in cemetery walls.
The newer cemetery is still operating and has many symbolic graves and memorials for Holocaust victims. Not surprisingly dedicated and paid for by the Jewish disporia around the world, predominately American. Most of the new headstone memorials have inscriptions written in Hebrew, Polish and German.
Note that both cemeteries are closed on Saturdays and Jewish holidays.